Psychoanalysis is defined as a set of psychological theories about the mind, personality, psychological disorders, and therapeutic methods originally developed by Sigmund freud at the beginning of the 20th century.
When invited to speak whatever came to mind, his patients gave Freud clues that led to repressed childhood experiences, desires, and fantasies that had resulted in
unconscious conflicts. The symptoms they suffered from embodied a meaning that was simultaneously hidden and revealed.
From his work he realized that most disturbances had their roots outside of consciousness. This discovery of the “unconscious” began to become very important in the way he thought about people and how he formulated his theories. He developed a treatment based on the discovery of the “unconscious” sources of these neuroses and the “mechanisms” used to protect oneself against emotional pain.
Freud, by noting the close relationship between feelings, behavior and how the mind worked; he found that these ‘neuroses’ (or symptoms of stress, depression, anxiety, restlessness, obsessive behavior and so on) could be alleviated by listening to someone in an ‘analytical’ way. This procedure led him to develop his “talking cure”, which became not only a powerful method of treatment, but also an efficient tool for studying the human psyche.